The Zimbabwe Red Cross Society, ZRCS, was founded in 1981. The Society existed as a branch of the British Red Cross for 49 years until it was established by an act of parliament, the Zimbabwe Red Cross Act Chapter 30, in 1981. In 1983, it was recognized by the International Committee of the Red Cross and became a member of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Socities.

The ZRCS operates in all the provinces in Zimbabwe. At present, there are 282 branches. As a gender sensitive organization, women constitute more than 52 per cent of the total members. At headquarters, women constitute 53 per cent of the senior staff members. This is a result of the equal opportunities and affirmative-action policies.